Ready for Development Cooperation in the
By J. Brian Atwood* PARIS (IDN) - Spreading demand for change in the
Middle East and North Africa has Western governments scrambling to
calculate appropriate diplomatic responses. As happened when Central
and Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union yielded to democratic forces,
there will soon be demand from new and/or reforming governments for
cooperation in political and economic institution building. Donor
nations must be ready to respond.
Confronting the Bliss of Ignorance about Africa
hit the top of the chart for the third consecutive year when the
2010 Failed States Index was recently unveiled by Foreign Policy
magazine and the Fund for Peace. Several African states followed
Somalia in the first 20 listed. They are considered the worst
failures. The index was compiled on the basis of 12 criteria:
demographics, refugees, illegitimate governance, brain drain, public
services, inequality, group grievances, human rights, economic
decline, security forces, factionalised elites, and external intervention.
Rendezvous with Planet Earth
the International Year of Biodiversity. And we all have a rendezvous
with Planet Earth this year. In order that as many of us as possible
feel encouraged to make it to the venue at the right point in time,
the United Nations has launched some of the most innovative
Brave New World of Robert Zoellick
Thirty-three years after
the World Bank president Robert McNamara proposed the establishment
of an international commission to break the deadlock in North-South
relations, his successor Robert B. Zoellick has proclaimed that in
the new system triggered by a multi-polar world, North and South are
only points on a compass, not economic destinies.
Beyond Prejudice and Pride
By Eckhard Deutscher*
IDN-InDepth NewsSpecial – Part 1 PARIS (IDN) – "Africa is drowning
in aid money." "Too much aid goes to the private pockets of corrupt
regimes and towards a bloated development industry, when much more
should be spent on the private sector." "Aid is a useless
distraction given the impact of issues like trade, investment etc on
development." "Aid is not nearly growing quickly enough." These are
some examples of arguments put forward in a critical political and
public debate of development co-operation that has intensified as we
approach the reference date for substantial aid commitments and get
closer to the deadline for the Millennium Development Goals in 2015.
Don't 'Do' or 'Deliver' Development
By Eckhard Deutscher*
IDN-InDepth NewsSpecial – Part 2 PARIS (IDN) – The ‘aid
effectiveness agenda’ provides a framework for 'donors' and
developing countries to work together in the most effective way
possible. There are essentially two dimensions to do so. First, the
‘Climate Change Kills People in Drylands’
UN Assistant Secretary General Luc Gnacadja
(IDN) - “Enhancing
soils anywhere enhances life everywhere,” says UN’s top official Luc
Gnacadja, who is tasked with combating land degradation and drought
– not only in Africa, the most vulnerable continent, but all along
the drylands belt running from Latin America through Sahel and Asia.
‘Agriculture Key To Food Security And Climate Change’ -
Kanayo F Nwanze. “Agriculture is the vital link between the two
burning issues of feeding a growing population and preserving the
planet we live on.” says IFAD president Kanayo F Nwanze. It is
crucial, therefore, that the deal expected to emerge from the
landmark climate change conference in Copenhagen recognises that
connect, Nwanze says in an e-mail interview with
Global Perspectives – a journal for international cooperation.
Parliamentarians Urge Greater Efforts on Land Degradation
BY UWE HOLTZ -
62nd Annual DPI/NGO Conference
- in Mexico City on effective ways to contribute
to the advancement of disarmament, peace and development.
International Day of Peace 2009.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has
launched a multiplatform campaign under the slogan "WMD – We
Must Disarm" to mark the 100-day countdown leading up to the
International Day of Peace on 21 September 2009.
During the 100 days of the campaign, the United Nations will
raise awareness of the dangers and costs of nuclear weapons
by issuing a reason a day on why nuclear disarmament and
non-proliferation are so crucial, via Twitter and the social
networking sites Facebook and MySpace.
World Humanitarian Day, 19 August 2009.
International Day of the World's Indigenous People 2009.
The International Day of the World's
Indigenous People is observed each year on 9 August. The
date marks the day of the first meeting, in 1982, of the UN
Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Subcommission
on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights. This year,
the observance of the Day takes place Monday, 10 August
2009, at UN Headquarters, with the theme "Indigenous Peoples
Millennium Development Goals Report 2009 -
The Report finds that more than
halfway to the 2015 deadline to achieve the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs), major advances in the fight
against poverty and hunger have begun to slow or even
reverse as a result of the global economic and food crises,
and warns that, despite many successes, overall progress has
been too slow for most of the targets to be met by 2015.
The Economic Development in Africa Report 2009
- The Economic
Development in Africa Report 2009 focuses on ways of
strengthening regional economic integration for Africa´s
GLOBAL FINANCIAL COLLAPSE:
Is the Future Argentina?
UN REMEMBRANCE OF SLAVE TRADE
The powerful sounds of musicians,
drummers and steel bands echoed through the United Nations complex in New York
today in a celebration of the world’s common humanity and in commemoration of
the victims of the African slave trade.
Drum Beating for International
Slave Day opening ceremony
WHAT IS THAT WORLD WATER FORUM?
Activists from the People's Water
Forum, an alternative formation representing rural poor, the environment and
organized labor, slammed the official event as a non-inclusive, corporate-driven
fraud pushing for water privatization and called for a more open, democratic and
transparent forum. The forum, which is organized every three years by the
French-based World Water Council, is funded in large part by the water industry.
WATERS HARD TO BRIDGE
The fifth World Water Forum ended with wide-ranging
differences among governments and groups with an interest in water. The forum
adopted a declaration calling for "new and adequate resources" for the water
sector. It also stressed the need for increased vigilance against corruption,
and for preparedness for climate change.
WATER - THE GLOBAL SECURITY FACTOR
Water -- whether saltwater, drinking water or freshwater -- is crucial for
global security because it is essential for the survival of human and other
forms of life. It covers 71 percent of the Earth's surface, mostly in oceans and
other large water bodies. Saltwater oceans hold 97 percent of surface water.
Advisory Board Members' Views of the World
Strengthening Public Awareness For Nuclear Abolition
The Global Cooperation Council
has launched a special website as part of
personalities who have been interviewed, have contributed
their views or
whose views have been incorporated in articles as part of
this project are:
The human spirit has a truly remarkable
capacity -the ability to generate hope from the most devastating of
crises. This ability to create value can be seen in the response to
the earthquake that struck Japan on March 11, writes Daisaku Ikeda,
a Japanese Buddhist philosopher and peacebuilder and president of
the Soka Gakkai International (SGI), in a column for IPS.
As ‘people power’ topples one Arab
regime after another, confronting the international community with
an unprecedented volatile situation, an eminent Buddhist leader is
urging the world's major powers not to lose sight of the compelling
need to bring about a nuclear-weapons-free Middle East as one of the
crucial steps towards nuclear abolition. Complete elimination of all
atomic weapons -- and not just nuclear disarmament -- with the civil
society playing a significant role, is the only absolute guarantee
against the threat of nuclear weapons, according to Daisaku Ikeda,
president of the Soka Gakkai International (SGI) Buddhist
JAPANESE TEXT VERSION
The United Nations is keen to counter
growing skepticism about nuclear disarmament really happening and
culminating into a nuke free world. According to the UN High
Representative for Disarmament Affairs, Sergio Duarte, the peoples
and countries of the world are not willing to hang on to nuclear
weapons and put at risk all that has been accomplished in building
JAPANESE TEXT VERSION
Interview of Tibor Tóth, CTBTO
Almost 190 countries around the world
have reaffirmed the critical importance of enforcing the
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) adopted by the United
Nations General Assembly in 1996. The treaty outlaws all atomic
explosions in all environments, for military or civilian purpose.
Though the CTBT has yet to enter into force, it has been ratified by
153 countries and enjoys almost universal membership of 182
signatory states. "Bringing the Treaty into force is the obvious and
logical next step to take and with adequate political leadership
such a step is virtually around the corner," says Ambassador Tibor
Tóth of Hungary, who is Executive Secretary of the Preparatory
Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
Organization (CTBTO). [P]
ARABIC TEXT VERSION
JAPANESE TEXT VERSION
By Jayantha Dhanapala*
A modest bilateral nuclear disarmament treaty, concluded at an
accelerated pace in the first 15 months of the Obama Administration
with the Russian Federation, has now survived what departing Senator
Arlen Specter calls the political "cannibalism" of his Republican
Party, to be ratified in the U.S. Senate by 71 votes to 26.
It climaxes a spurt of Congressional action in a lame duck session
which saw Obama achieve the extension of the Bush II tax cuts,
albeit with the rich benefiting too, and repealing the "Don't ask;
Don't tell" Clinton policy regarding gays in the U.S. Military,
Alliance for Global Denuclearization
Masayoshi Hamada* IDN-InDepth NewsViewpoint TOKYO (IDN) – Japan is
serving in the rotating presidency of the UN Security Council in
April, ahead of the Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty
on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons scheduled for May 2010.
Amidst growing momentum toward a world free of nuclear weapons I
believe Japan has the moral responsibility to spread word about the
harrowing effect of nuclear weapons as the only sufferer of nuclear
’Japan Has the Potential to
Be a Constructive Global Player'
TARO ICHIKAWA INTERVIEWS
NEW KOMEI PARTY CHIEF NATSUO YAMAGUCHI – Japan should play an active
role in supporting efforts toward a nuclear weapons free world,
without jeopardizing its close and trusted relations with the United
States, says Natsuo Yamaguchi, president of the New Komei Party, the
country's third largest political party that has promoted and
pursued initiatives to enhance peace and protect the vulnerable in
Japanese society since 1964. Against the backdrop of its close and
"vital" relations with the U.S. and growing understanding with
China, dating back to more than three decades, Japan has the
potential to act as a bridge between the United States and China as
the two countries move towards confidence-building, avers the
57-year old Yamaguchi.
'Let Us Make Nuclear Abolition a Reality'
A world free of nuclear
weapons is no longer a utopia. There is more than one reason to
believe that it is a concrete possibility, says Daisaku Ikeda,
president of the Buddhist association, Soka Gokkai International (SGI).
"In recent years, we have seen important, groundbreaking examples of
humanitarian ideals surmounting military logic and narrowly defined
national interests to bring new disarmament accords into existence,"
says Ikeda explaining the rationale behind his optimism.
READ MORE-1 |
Obama Seeks UN Backing for Nuke-Free World
When Barack Obama chaired a summit meeting of
the Security Council Sept. 24 - a historic first for a U.S.
president - his primary motive was to push for his ambitious,
long-term agenda for "a world without nuclear weapons".
A resolution adopted
unanimously by the 15 members of the U.N.'s most powerful political
body expressed grave concern about the threat of nuclear
proliferation and the need for international action to prevent it.
WHY SHOULD WE ABOLISH NUCLEAR WEAPONS
Hiromichi Umebayashi, Founder and Special Advisor of Peace Depot,
Inc. Japan writes in this column that in Japan there is a
deep-rooted desire for nuclear abolition that derives from its
first-hand experience of the appalling damage caused by nuclear
weapons. Yet this does not seem to be enough to constitute a
successful argument for "a world free of nuclear weapons". The
effort to bring about a nuclear abolition must be indivisibly and
essentially integrated with the challenge of creating a more
equitable, just, and humane global society.
READ MORE |
Nuclear Weapons Free
World by 2020?
Tadatoshi Akiba, the mayor of Hiroshima, had his way, the special UN
Security Council session to be chaired by U.S. President Barack
Obama on Sep. 24 would decide to achieve a world free of nuclear
weapons by 2020 -- a year that would mark the seventy-fifth
anniversary of the terrible destruction caused by U.S. atom bombs on
Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
'The More Guns, the More Violence'
Traffic in light weapons and small arms is one
of Latin America's major disarmament concerns, because they fuel
urban violence, especially in countries like Mexico, Guatemala and
Brazil. This was one of the issues on the agenda of the 62nd Annual
Conference for Non-Governmental Organisations associated with the
United Nations Department of Public Information (DPI/NGO), under the
banner "For Peace and Development: Disarm Now!"
READ MORE |
SGI President Issues Five-Point Plan toward
Daisaku Ikeda, president of the Soka Gakkai
International (SGI) Buddhist association, issued a proposal Sept. 8
outlining concrete steps toward the abolition of nuclear weapons. A
vocal opponent of these inhumane weapons for more than 50 years, he
stresses that we now have a unique opportunity to build grassroots
solidarity, propel political processes and break out of the
stagnation which has dogged nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation
UN Conference Mulls Over Nuclear Abolition
world without nuclear weapons is not to remain distant and just a
dream, the nuclear haves must demonstrate political will, leadership
and flexibility at the landmark Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT)
Review Conference slated for May next year in New York.
Stalemate Stalls UN Conference on Disarmament
The UN Conference on
Disarmament (CD) is faced with a deadlock again, only three months
after it ended 12 years of stalemate. The Conference adopted a
consensus document on May 29 that contains a work plan in run up to
the crucial nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) review conference
Africa Becomes World's Largest Nuclear Free Continent
Africa, the world's
second-largest and second most-populous continent after Asia has now
become the world's largest nuclear free zone comprising 53 countries
with about one billion people.
Egypt Rejects U.S. Nuclear Umbrella
A spectre haunted the
U.S.-Egyptian summit -- the spectre of a U.S. nuclear umbrella for
the Middle East. In run-up to President Hosni Mubarak's first
Washington visit in five years, both the Egyptian leader and his
senior aides categorically rejected an undeclared U.S. offer to
guarantee defence of the region against atomic weapons as part of a
comprehensive Middle East peace plan.
TOWARD A NUCLEAR FREE WORLD
third preparatory committee (PrepCom) meeting for the 2010 Review
Conference of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) took place
at the UN in New York May 4-15 against a background of increasing
calls for progress on nuclear disarmament and measures to strengthen
the Treaty. The NPT was concluded in 1968 and entered into force on
March 5, 1970. It is the founding document of multilateral non
www.nuclearabolition.net for articles about this and related
U.S. Army troops in Kunar province.
Yet Another 'Enduring Freedom’ Fraud IN AFGHANISTAN?
‘Enduring Freedom’ is
how the U.S. names its invasion and occupation of countries. ‘Fraud’
is the most recurrent single word in relation to U.S.-sponsored
elections in those countries. ‘Fraud’ was suspected in some U.S.
presidential elections: John F. Kennedy's in 1960 -- when also dead
people allegedly ‘voted’ -- and George W Bush's in 2000, with its
controversial vote count.
Survivors of Cyclone Nargis in the
aftermath of the disaster.
Rising Attacks on UN Humanitarian Aid Workers
Six years ago, the UN
offices in Baghdad were blown up by a truck bomb. Twenty-two
humanitarian workers and dedicated professionals lost their lives,
among them Sergio Vieira de Mello, a lifelong humanitarian who had
saved lives and reduced suffering in some of the toughest places on
The East Tops in Free Flow of Goods
East Asian economies --
Singapore and Hong Kong SAR –- occupy the top two positions among
countries that facilitate the free flow of goods across national
borders and to destination. They are followed by Switzerland,
Denmark and Sweden in the Enabling Trade Index (ETI) ranking;
Canada, Norway, Finland, Austria and the Netherlands complete the
top-10 list, according to a new report by the World Economic Forum.
No 'Divine Rights' of the Industrial Rich
"What we're talking
about is a profound change of industrial civilisation. It would be
surprising if there weren't stumbling blocks," said Sweden's lead
climate negotiator and chairman of the EU working group, Anders
Turesson, wrapping up the latest round of informal negotiations in
G20: WHERE IS THE MONEY, AND
WHO IS THE MONEYLENDER
LONDON - It seemed like a lot of money at the time. The
leaders of the group of eight richest countries, the G8, met
in Gleneagles in Scotland and announced 50 billion dollars
in new aid, half of that for Africa and half for the rest of
the world. That was 2005, the word recession was buried in a
dictionary somewhere, governments and companies were on a
high, with many of the financial figures inflated by
financial jugglery that no one then had seen through, and by
a debt that would repay itself because how could this club
of wealth and power ever go wrong.
YET GENUINE TRANSPARENCY REQUIRED
BERLIN (IDN) - The decision of the Group of 20 (G20) leading
industrial and emerging economies to prioritise transparency
as a means to curb systemic risks in the global financial
and economic system and to provide a stimulus that also
extends to the developing world is welcome, says
Transparency International (TI).
PROSPERITY IS INDIVISIBLE
LONDON SUMMIT – Leaders’ Statement, 2 APRIL 2009
We start from the belief that prosperity is indivisible;
that growth, to be sustained, has to be shared; and that our
global plan for recovery must have at its heart the needs
and jobs of hard-working families, not just in developed
countries but in emerging markets and the poorest countries
of the world too; and must reflect the interests, not just
of today’s population, but of future generations too. We
believe that the only sure foundation for sustainable
globalisation and rising prosperity for all is an open world
economy based on market principles, effective regulation,
and strong global institutions.
STRENGTHENING THE FINANCIAL SYSTEM
LONDON, 2 APRIL 2009
We, the Leaders of the G20, have taken, and will continue to
take, action to strengthen regulation and supervision in
line with the commitments we made in Washington to reform
the regulation of the financial sector. Our principles are
strengthening transparency and accountability, enhancing
sound regulation, promoting integrity in financial markets
and reinforcing international cooperation. The material in
this declaration expands and provides further detail on the
commitments in our statement. We published today a full
progress report against each of the 47 actions set out in
the Washington Action Plan. In particular, we have agreed
the following major reforms.
DELIVERING RESOURCES THROUGH THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL
INSTITUTIONS – LONDON, 2 APRIL 2009
We, the leaders of the Group of Twenty, are
committed to ensuring that capital continues to flow to
emerging market and developing countries to protect their
economies and support world growth. To this end, we have
agreed to increase very substantially the resources
available through the international financial institutions
and to ensure that the institutions have the facilities
needed to address the crisis in a coordinated and
G20: ONE SIZE DOES NOT FIT ALL
LONDON - There is on the face of it a fairness in the
language hanging over the G20 summit that is quite
seductive. "A global crisis requires a global solution,"
everyone who matters seems to be saying, at least towards
the richer end of the G20 spectrum. Such talk is getting
louder by the day as heads of state and government head for
a meeting in London Thursday to address the global economic
G20: 'USE CRISIS AS OPPORTUNITY TO FIX
ADDIS ABABA - The daunting task of making Africa the centre
of attention awaits Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Meles Zenawi
when the Group of 20 (G20) rich and emerging economies meet
in London April 1.
G20: NEXT TIME, PERHAPS ...
LONDON - If the draft declaration of the G20 meeting in
London is anything to go by, the most specific outcome of
this summit is that there will be another one later in the
year. Several governments have begun to lobby already to
host the next G20, in apparent confidence that this one is
not going to take care of the problems that the leaders are
gathering to address, if not resolve.
JAPAN CARRIES AFRICAN CONCERNS TO LONDON
BERLIN (IDN) - Japan, the world's second largest economy,
is calling for global initiatives to reactivate financial flows to Africa,
including government grants, concessional loans and lines of credit.
POOR COUNTRIES IN DIRE NEED OF FUNDS
BERLIN (IDN) - There is no longer a question that
developing countries are being hit severely by the global crisis. Instead, there
is the very distinct possibility that they end up as the worst-hit victims,
while already being the most vulnerable, said Eckhard Deutscher, Chair of OECDs
Development Assistance Committee (DAC) March 30.
CONSENSUS GROWING OVER NEED FOR ACTION, DECLARES
BROWN IN NEW YORK
The communiqué from the London Summit of world leaders on
2 April will show a 'determination to do what is necessary' to restore economic
growth, mend the financial markets and tighten regulation,
Gordon Brown said in New York.
He was speaking on the second day of a global tour to meet world leaders ahead
of the Summit that takes in Brazil and Chile.
THE LONDON SUMMIT 2009 > Visit
http://www.londonsummit.gov.uk/en/ for news and background.
ECONOMIC CRISIS THREATENS CHINA’S RURAL STRATEGY
China should speed up investment
in rural services and infrastructure and create jobs in non-agricultural sectors
for returning migrants, according to a new OECD report. This will help offset
the fast-rising impact of the economic slowdown on the rural economy.
OECD Rural Policy Review: China says that the country’s rural development strategy is on the right track and the
impact on rural areas of broader economic reforms positive. But the recent
increase in return migration and subsequent fall in remittances could threaten
the important progress made in raising rural living standards.
PRISON OF NATIONS
The EU “government" is exposed as
worse than useless, a rubber stamp for this Thatcherite mania, fooling Europeans
into thinking there was someone controlling the private chaos. Riots swept across Eastern Europe
this winter. In Latvia 100 were arrested when they attacked the Finance Ministry
with cobblestones from the quaintly restored tourist area protesting
unemployment, budget and wage cuts. In Lithuania, riot police fired
rubber-bullets and tear gas on a trade union march. A demonstration in the
Bulgarian capital turned violent leading to the arrest of 150 protesters. These
three states are all members of the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM2), the euro’s
pre-detention cell. They must join.
MIDDLDE EAST: A CONVENIENT WAR
modest attempt to quickly analyze the first apparent consequences of the Israeli
war on Gaza departs from a personal sad conclusion that human kind is walking
too speedily, too steadily, and too far away from all known principles of
rationality. Rather, it seems that such principles have never been rooted nor
were they born from natural-instinctive conviction. Otherwise no war would ever
take place; no weapons would be produced, nor sold or used.
Global Cooperation Council
has set up a
Media Task Force
in order to strengthen its media network, with veteran
journalist and Sri Lanka diplomat,
Our Media Network
SOUTH ASIAN OUTLOOK
AFFAIRS MEDIA ACADEMY
Corporate Social Responsibility
in cooperation with
Recalling Hiroshima Encounters in Times of Fukushima Crisis
Alternative Laureates Want Nuclear Plants and Weapons Abolished
Why 'Peace Proposal 2011' is Significant
New Vienna Organisation to Spur Disarmament
Moving Away From the Nuclear Button
Peace Impulses from Okinawa
UN Disarmament Forum Embroiled in a Battle of Attrition
Considerable Progress Towards a Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty